Hop: Crystal


Crystal was bred at Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon by Dr. Alfred Haunoid in 1983. A cross between a tetraploid Hallertau and male USDA 21381M, with pedigree of Cascade, Brewer's Gold and Early Green.

Four other hops came out of the breeding program, making Crystal a half-sister of Liberty, Ultra and Mount Hood.

The focus of the breeding program was to make German noble substitutes that were expensive to bring over and earlier farming had little success. Crystal is an American replacement of Hallertau.

General Information

Profile Grass, pine, floral, wood, and citrus.
Country United States
Substitutes Hallertau, Liberty, Mount Hood, Strisselspalt, Ultra
Purpose Aroma
Yield 1800–2200 lbs/acre
Storage Retains 60%-65% alpha acid contents after 6 months of storage at 68°F.
Beer Styles Pilsner, Brown Ales, Stouts, India Pale Ale
Resistant Verticillium wilt
Susceptible Downy mildew, powdery mildew


Alpha Acid 3.0 - 6.2%
Beta Acid 4.5 - 6.7%
Cohumulone 20.0 - 36.0%


Total Oil 0.8 - 2.0 ml/100g
Myrcene 40.0 - 65.0%
Humulene 18.0 - 24.0%
Caryophyllene 4.0 - 8.0%
Farnesene < 1.0%
Linalool 0.6 - 1.0%
B-Pinene 0.4 - 1.0%
Geraniol 0.4 - 0.7%

Additional Characteristics

Growth Rate Very good
Cones Medium size with medium density
Maturity Medium to late
Ease of Harvest Good
Sex Female
Leaf Color Dark Green

Crystal Aroma/Flavor Profile

Fact Sheet(s)

Last Updated
  • 2020-11-20 13:04:39 (Added: 2020-11-20 13:04:39)

Hops Catalog

Did you know?
  • Dwarf variety hops grow shorter in height than traditional varieties but, importantly, produce the same yield. This combination makes harvest easier.
Recently added hops
  • Storage: is based on the percentage of alpha acids remaining after 6 months at 20*F.
  • Oil composition percetages are based on the total percentage of oil in the hop. Example: 10 - 20% means that for the specific oil it is 10 - 20% of the overall oil make up.
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