Items found matching the tag "aroma"
Ahtanum® is named for the location where Charles Carpenter established the first hop farm in the Yakima Valley in 1869. It is the first commercially available bred hop by Yakima Chief Ranches. Used primarily as an aroma hop due to low alpha acid composition.
Amarillo® is a super version of Cascade that has a distinctive orange character that separates it from Cascade. Trademark owned by Virgil Gamache Farms and was found by them growing alongside Liberty in their hop yard.
Aramis is the first variety from the Comptoir Agricole breeding program in France, bred in 2002. Aramis comes from a breed of Strisselspalt and Whitebread Golding. It was bred to create Strisselspalt character hop with increased and stable bitter potential.
Cascade was released in 1972 by the USDA in Oregen, it is named for the Northwest mountain range. Primarily developed at Oregon State University East Farm in Corvallis. Cascade is a cross between Fuggle and Serebrianka (Russia) and open pollinated in 1955. Cascade is the first superstar of American hops and paved the way for bold hops in today's brewing scene. The ratio of alpha to beta acids is similar to European aroma hops.
First Choice was selected in the 1960s by Dr. R.H.J. Roborgh at the Riwaka Research Station near Nelson, New Zealand. A cross between Cluster and open pollination, First Choice was grown for 20 years, starting in the 60s, but is no longer grown commercially.
Golden Star has heritage of Saaz and White Vine-OP. Selected by Dr. Y. Mori of Sapporo Brewery, Japan from a mutant of Shinshuwase, making it nearly identical. Commercially only grown in Japan as an aroma hop that is difficult to pick as the cones shatters easily.
Hallertau has lineage back over 100 years. Great for German beers as well as Belgian ales. An original noble hop. Susceptible to disease, it has been the center of many offspring.
Hallertauer Tradition is a German hop that is great for German style beers. Originally bred because of it's resistance to disease at the Hüll Hop Research Institute in Germany in 1993. Heritage of Hallertau, Saaz and unknown varieties.
Hokitika® is of European origin but was first grown in New Zealand in 1882. The hop originated from a hop garden that was started in the 1880's by the brewery principal, WCJ Kortegast, at Kortegast's Brewery at Gibson Quay, on the Hokitika River. Those gardens had been growing wildly for 136 years.
Nadwislanska is a selection from an old Polish land race. It is no longer grown commercially in Poland as it is susceptible to viruses and/or low yield in spite of a heat treated version being created that removed the virus infection susceptibility.
Neoplanta was bred at the Institute for Agricultural Research in Yugoslavia in the late 1960s or early 1970s, possibly by Mr. Andrej Mijavec (the hop breeder at the time). It is a cross from Northern Brewer and a male that originated from Styrian Golding and a Yugoslavian wild hop. Has not been accepted well, therefore acreage is limited. Originally developed to replace Backa and a sister to both Dunav and Vojvodina.
Pacifica™ has German lineage. Bred by HortResearch in New Zealand it was released commercially in 1994. Open breeding of Hallertau and is mostly known for its aroma qualities.
Believe to have be be of Tettnanger decent from the Yakima valley by Yakima Chief Ranch.
Released commercially in 1978, Perle was bred in Hüll, Germany at the Hop Research Center, is a cross between Northern Brewer and German male. Perle was bred to create a more resistant version of Hallertau.
Pride of Kent was bred from Brewer's Gold and open pollination at Wye College, England by Professor E.S. Salmon. Mother of the popular Australian hop Pride of Ringwood.
Record originated in Belgium pre-1970, it was bred from open pollination of Northern Brewer and Saaz. Aroma characteristics are similar to Northern Brewer. Hop is grown commercially in Belgium and Germany.
Saaz, a noble hop, is low in alpha acids but is still used for bittering quite often. Saaz was officially registered in 1952 but dates back at least 700 years, originating in the Czech Republic. It is one of the original noble hops. Saaz has issue with disease and low growth rate.
United States version of Saaz was started from a Czechoslovakian Saaz seedling which was received by United States Department of Agriculture in 1973. Difficult to grow and a low yield. Saaz (US) is expected to be related to Hersbrucker and Spalt.
Santiam is a triploid hop: 1/3 of each Tettnanger, Hallertau and a unknown USDA male (derived from Cascade), released in 1997 by Agriculture Research Service, which is the principal in-house research agency of the United States Department of Agriculture, located in Corvallis, Oregon.
Saphir contains one of the lowest alpha acid contents in the world, therefore it is always used as an aroma hop. A German release in 2000 it contains a fruity profile, unlike many German hop varietals. Saphir was bred at the Hop Research Center in Hüll, Germany. Similar to much of the hop breeding in Germany it was sought as a substitute to Hallertau to be more disease resistant.
Shinshuwase was an open pollination of Saaz and White Vine-OP in Japan from the early 1900s. This is a major hop variety in Japan, the only country that grows the hop.
Grown in the Spalt region of Germany, Spalt is a natural hop and has a mild and pleasant character. Part of the Saaz family. A classic hop for German style beers. Due to Spalt being a natural hop, this hop may date back as far back as 8th century. It was the first hop granted the German hop seal in the 16th century.
Spalter Select is a more disease resistant version and replacement for Spalt released in 1993. It was bred in Hull, Germany and is a cross between Splat and Hallertau. Spalter Select was released in 1991 by the Hop Research Center of Hull.
Strisselspalt is from the Alsace area of France and is one of the few varieties of hops from France. It is an European land variety hop - one that grows naturally in the area. The hop seems to start appearing around 1855. Strisselspalt has a pleasant aroma which, tied with low alpha acid and co-humulone, makes it a great substitute for noble hops.
Styrian Celeia, almost a carbon copy of Fuggle hops, is a low alpha varietal with traditional European aroma. It is a triploid from Styrian Golding, Styrian Aurora and wild Slovenian hop. Not well received, therefore isn't wildly grown.
Styrian Golding was bred due to in the 1930s there was an disease with hops grown in the Styria area of German, as a result they bred hops with an English variety. Great in English and Belgian ales. Uncanny is the fact, in spite of its name, it doesn't belong to the Golding family.
Sunbeam is a cross from Saaz and open pollination by Dr. Al Haunold in 1990 at the Hop experimental farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR. Considered an ornamental diploid plant, it was never meant for commercial production, but the Saaz-like aroma makes it great for lagers. The plan is sensitive to sunlight due to reduced chlorophyll content, therefore semi-shade is needed to keep the leaves from shriveling and browning.
Sunshine is an open pollination hop that has a complicated breeding process by Professor E.R. Salmon at Wye College, England, during the 1920s or early 1930s, which may have included some wild American varietals. Sunshine and open pollination breeding made it the mother of Comet.
Tolhurst was bred by James Tolhurst of Horsmonden, England in the 1880s. No longer grown commercially, it has a high farnesene content but has low yields, poor storage and growth.
Triple Perle is an upgraded Perle with better aroma qualities. Released by the USDA in 2013 it is a bred from Perle and an unknown male.
Triskel is bred from Strisselspalt and the male parent of the English Yeoman hop in 2006 by Comptoir Agricole in Alcase, France. An aroma similar to Strisselspalt and floral notes from Yeoman with a touch more fruitiness. High essential oils make the hop a champ for dry hopping. Inspired from the Gauls symbol "trikelion", ancestors of the modern French people.
Ultra is a triplod variety first bred in the United States in 1983, released to the public in 1995 as a noble hop replacement. Ultra is a cross between Hallertau, Saaz, and a third unknown hop. Well suited for lagers with a Hallertau-like aroma.
Universal has an unknown heritage but it expected to be a Saaz clone. Developed at the Hop Research Institute in Zatec, Czechoslovakia. No longer grown commercially in Czechoslovakia but grown in the United States since 1988, becoming a darling on the craft beer since since the 1990s.
Vanguard is an American bred hop that was the last of the Hallertau based hops from the United States Department of Agriculture. Originally bred in 1982 and released in 1997. The hop is unique in that it has a low alpha acid but a high beta acid. The unusual oil balance yields a pronounced woody and herbal character. In early additions considered to be very spicy.
Whitebread Golding, a sturdier version of Goldings which is popular in England. First bred in 1911, Whitebread Golding was finally released to the public in 1953. Named for the brewery that owned the farm in which it was developed.
Willamette is a Fuggle (Tetraploid Fuggle (USDA 21003) x Fuggle seedling 2-4) derived hop released in 1976 by the United States Department of Agriculture, initially bred in 1967. It's name is derived from the important growing region in Oregon: the Willamette Valley, which has been growing hops since the 1850s.