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Items found matching the tag "united states"

Ahtanum®

Ahtanum® is named for the location where Charles Carpenter established the first hop farm in the Yakima Valley in 1869. It is the first commercially available bred hop by Yakima Chief Ranches. Used primarily as an aroma hop due to low alpha acid composition.

Alora

Alora, formerly known as HS19901 and bred by Hopsteiner, has a very unique oil composition. Alroa contains over 50% of hop oil composition of unknown type. Typically hops are made up of Pinene, Mycrene, Limonene, Linalool, Caryophyllene, Farnesene, Humulene, and Geraniol. Selinene, a sesquiterpene rarely found in hops, makes up a the unknown oil. Selinene is important since it imparts citrus characteristics into the finished beer: Calamondin Oranges and Yuzu Fruit. The makeup of Alora is friendly to the environment as the genetic makeup was chosen from hops that are disease. The name Alora is of Latin origin meaning "beautiful dream, dreamlike, or divine light."

Amarillo®

Amarillo® is a super version of Cascade that has a distinctive orange character that separates it from Cascade. Trademark owned by Virgil Gamache Farms and was found by them growing alongside Liberty in their hop yard.

Anchovy

Anchovy, originally named 24B-05, was bred at Segal Ranch in the Yakima Valley, Washington. The odd name was coined by Fast Fashion Brewing in Seattle, Washington, after being the first to use the hop commercially. Possibly released in 2022.

Bitter Gold

Bitter Gold was released in 1999 and has lineage linked to Brewer's Gold, Bullion, Comet and Fuggle. Higher alpha acids than any of its parents as well as when compared to Galena or Nugget, which are considered close substitutes. Mild profile when used as a bittering addition but shines in later additions, delivering stone and tropic fruit flavors.

Cascade

Cascade was released in 1972 by the United States Department of Agriculture in Oregen, it is named for the Northwest mountain range. Primarily developed at Oregon State University East Farm in Corvallis. Cascade is a cross between Fuggle and Serebrianka (Russia) and open pollinated in 1955. Cascade is the first superstar of American hops and paved the way for bold hops in today's brewing scene. The ratio of alpha to beta acids is similar to European aroma hops.

Centennial

Released in 1990, Centennial's genetics is 75% Brewer's Gold as well as Fuggle, East Kent Golding, and Bavarian hops. The male parent is the same as that of Nugget. Typically referred to as "Super Cascade". Centennial offers more bittering potential and an overall bigger profile than Cascade. Centennial was developed in 1974 by S.T. Kenny and C.E. Zimmerman. Bred by the United States Department of Agriculture Hop Germplasm Collection, Oregon State Univerity East Farm Washington State University Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Prosser, Washington.

Chinook

Released by the United States Department of Agriculture breeding program in 1985, Chinook is considered by the some the fourth member of the Three C's: Cascade, Centennial, and Columbus. With no trademark, Chinook is a great candidate to grow at home.

Elani

Elani was bred by Yakima Quality Hops, initially known as YQH-1320. Elani was available commercially for the first time in 2022.

Horizon

Horizon contains the lowest cohumulone level of any hop, which typically results in a smoother bitterness. Horizon is a half-sister of Nugget, bred at Oregon Status University in Corvallis, Oregon by United States Department of Agriculture in 1970 with eventual commercial release in 1998, has lineage of Brewer's Gold, Early Green Hops, USDA 65009 and 64035M. USDA 65009 was also the mother of Nugget.

Idaho Gem

Idaho Gem was bred at Gooding Farms in Wilder, Idaho and named after its home state. The flavors from Idaho Gem are soft and full with remarkable smoothness.

Liberty

Liberty is an American hop with German heritage; bred to resemble Hallertau, therefore it is primarily used for aroma. Development began in 1983 by the United States Department of Agriculture program in Corvallis, Oregon before commercial release in 1991.

Magnum (US)

Magnum (US) is grown in much lower acreage than in Germany, but, like it's German counterpart, is a great bittering hop.

McKenzie

McKenzie is the first hop variety released by the West Coast Hop Breeding Company. It took five years of breeding before the hop was released. Named after a river the breeder for West Coast Hop Breeding Company grew up fishing. Initially available in 2021 with acreage ramping up since. More pine, resin forward when used in the boil, post boil will bring out the fruitiness.

Millennium

Millennium was released in the year 2000, thus the name, as a high alpha breed. A Nugget descendant that carries similar characteristics, as well as to Columbus, bred for its disease resistance. Mainly used for bittering but gaining interest as an aroma hop as well.

Mount Hood

Mount Hood was bred with the intention of creating an American replacement for noble hops. Initially bred in 1983, Mount Hood was commercially released in 1989. More hops would follow soon afterwards from the Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon by United States Department of Agriculturebreeding program: Liberty (1991), Crystal (1993) and Ultra (1995). Mount Hood has heritage form Hallertau and USDA 19058M male. The male, USDA 19058M, is the same male used in multiple other successful crosses, resulting in varieties like; Lemondrop, Super Galena, and Sultana.

Northern Brewer (US)

Norther Brewer is a great bittering hop that is the base of many beer. It is a cross of a Native American varietal and Northern Brewer, the resulting hop is genetically distinct from the English parent.

Nugget

Nugget was bred by the United States Department of Agriculture in Corvallis, Oregon, starting in 1970.. Initial commercial release was 1983. Brewer's Gold heritage. Used primarily as a bittering hop, especially in the early days, but now has been given dual duty as an aroma hop as well. Pedigree is quite complex and makes it a mutt: Brewer's Gold, Early Green, East Kent Golding, Bavarian (unspecified) and unknown variety.

Olympic

Olympic is bred from Brewer's Gold, Fuggle, East Kent Golding, Bavarian, and a fifth unknown varietal. It was released sometime in the mid 1980s.

Palisade®

Believe to have be be of Tettnanger decent from the Yakima valley by Yakima Chief Ranch.

Perle (US)

The same as the German Perle but with a higher alpha content.

Saaz (US)

United States version of Saaz was started from a Czechoslovakian Saaz seedling which was received by United States Department of Agriculture in 1973. Difficult to grow and a low yield. Saaz (US) is expected to be related to Hersbrucker and Spalt.

Santiam

Santiam is a triploid hop: 1/3 of each Tettnanger, Hallertau and a unknown USDA male (derived from Cascade), released in 1997 by Agriculture Research Service, which is the principal in-house research agency of the United States Department of Agriculture, located in Corvallis, Oregon.

Simcoe®

Simcoe® is a very popular variety due to the profile of the hop and the smooth bitterness it creates. It plays well with other hops. Simcoe® was released through Yakima Chief Ranches in 2000. Sometimes referred to as "Cascade on steroids".

Sterling

Sterling was bred by United States Department of Agriculture in 1990, released in 1998. Sterling is typically considered an aroma hop but may be used for bittering. It was cultivated to be a replacement for Saaz due to unreliable availability. The hop is a bit of a mutt (or you could say complex) with heritage from Saaz (50%), Cascade (25%), Brewer's Gold, Early Green as well as other Eurpean varieties.

Summit

Summit is a semi-dwarf, bred from Zeus, Nugget and gaggle of males in Washington, USA, making the lineage complex. Released in 2003 by American Dwarf Hop Association. Super high alpha acid content makes this hop great for bittering. Aromatics star when used as a dry hop.

Sunbeam

Sunbeam is a cross from Saaz and open pollination by Dr. Al Haunold in 1990 at the Hop experimental farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR. Considered an ornamental diploid plant, it was never meant for commercial production, but the Saaz-like aroma makes it great for lagers. The plan is sensitive to sunlight due to reduced chlorophyll content, therefore semi-shade is needed to keep the leaves from shriveling and browning.

Tettnanger (US)

This is the US version of German Tettnanger that came from a Swiss cultivar. Likened more to Saaz then Tettnanger.

Triple Perle

Triple Perle is an upgraded Perle with better aroma qualities. Released by the USDA in 2013 it is a bred from Perle and an unknown male.

Ultra

Ultra is a triplod variety first bred in the United States in 1983, released to the public in 1995 as a noble hop replacement. Ultra is a cross between Hallertau, Saaz, and a third unknown hop. Well suited for lagers with a Hallertau-like aroma.

Vanguard

Vanguard is an American bred hop that was the last of the Hallertau based hops from the United States Department of Agriculture. Originally bred in 1982 and released in 1997. The hop is unique in that it has a low alpha acid but a high beta acid. The unusual oil balance yields a pronounced woody and herbal character. In early additions considered to be very spicy.

Vista

Vista was bred by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), in Corvallis, Oregon, in 2006 and released in 2021. It was part of the USDAs Elite Line breeding program. Parentage from Perle, Northern Brewer, and Hallertau. Selected due to high yields, high tolerance to drought and heat, and great sensory profile.

Warrior®

Warrior® is a high alpha variety with a ridiculously smooth bitterness. Developed by Yakima Chief Ranches, arising from the same program that created Simcoe®.

Willamette

Willamette is a Fuggle (Tetraploid Fuggle (USDA 21003) x Fuggle seedling 2-4) derived hop released in 1976 by the United States Department of Agriculture, initially bred in 1967. It's name is derived from the important growing region in Oregon: the Willamette Valley, which has been growing hops since the 1850s.

Did you know?
  • Dwarf variety hops grow shorter in height than traditional varieties but, importantly, produce the same yield. This combination makes harvest easier.
Explanations
  • Storage: is based on the percentage of alpha acids remaining after 6 months at 20*F.
  • Oil composition percetages are based on the total percentage of oil in the hop. Example: 10 - 20% means that for the specific oil it is 10 - 20% of the overall oil make up.
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